steel making process igcse


Industries can also look to recycle waste water. For example, when using water for cooling in steel-making, the water can be recycled again and again in the process. In agriculture, drip-feed irrigation systems could be used rather than sprinkler systems. 15.

IGCSE Study Guides, Revision & Notes: Metals

Since they are very hot they are used in a heat exchange process to heat incoming air, therefore making the process more economical. Conversion of Iron into Steel Iron produced using the blast furnace method is called pig iron.

The Extraction of Iron - Chemistry LibreTexts

Steel-making: the basic oxygen process Impurities in the iron from the Blast Furnace include carbon, sulfur, phosphorus and silicon. These have to be removed. Removal of sulfur: Sulfur has to be removed first in a separate process. Magnesium powder is blown

Environmental Impact Economics Metal Extraction mining …

Metal extraction index 1. Introduction to Metal Extraction 2. Extraction of Iron and Steel Making 3. Extraction of Aluminium and Sodium 4. Extraction and Purifiion of Copper, phytomining & bioleaching 5. Extraction of Lead, Zinc, Titanium and Chromium 6.

iron extraction igcse

iron extraction igcse_ bbc bitesize - gcse chemistry (single science) - iron and learn about the methods of extracting iron and aluminium wi bbc - gcse bitesize: methods of extracting metals ores are naturally occurring rocks that contain metal or metal compounds in sufficient amounts to make it worthwhile extracting them. for example, iron ore is

IGCSE Chemistry Past Year Papers (0620) — Download | …

State the knowledge of changing the properties of iron by the controlled use of extracts to form steel alloys simply for IGCSE Chemistry Past Year Papers 11 Air and water 11.1 Water Debate the impliions of an insufficient supply of water, inadequate to safe

processing of metal from iron ore

Iron Ore Smelting Process brighthubengineering Introduction to Iron Ore and Steel Smelting Processing. Iron ore is obtained in the conventional method of open cast or underground mining and conveying the ore to the surface preparation are where it is …

Yogurt | Yoghurt Manufacturing Production Process

Yogurt Yoghurt - Production, Making, Manufacturing Process Yoghurt Yogurt Manufacturing and Production Yogurt (also spelled yogourt or yoghurt) Yogurt is a usually dairy product, which is made by blending fermented milk with various permitted ingredients that

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R. Norris & R. Stanbridge. Chemistry for IGCSE, Nelson Thornes, 2009, ISBN 9781408500187, p176 Fig 14.4.1. 10.3(b) Name the uses of mild steel (car bodies and machinery) and stainless steel (chemical plant and cutlery) Relate to greater resistance to 10.3


To make it more useful, most iron is made into steel. STEEL MAKING Process In the Basic Oxygen Process, excess carbon is burnt off in a converter and the correct amount of carbon added to make steel. Other metals (e.g. chromium) can be added to 2 3

IGCSE Study Guides, Revision & Notes: Element: Sulfur

It is found as the element in sulphur beds 200m below the ground in volcanic areas and also in metal ores such as copper pyrites (iron sulphides) and zinc blende and also in volcanic areas. Superheated water at 170 C and hot compressed air are pumped into layers of sulphur through pipes.

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• making aircraft bodies • making food containers • making overhead power cables A aluminium B brass C mild steel D pure iron 26 Iron is extracted from its ore (hematite) in the blast furnace. Which gas is produced as a waste product

US1992999A - Process of making iron - Google Patents

Process of making iron Download PDF Info Publiion nuer US1992999A US1992999A US588409A US58840932A US1992999A US 1992999 A US1992999 A US 1992999A US 588409 A US588409 A US 588409A US 58840932 A US58840932 A Authority

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2:24 (Triple only) be able to comment on a metal extraction process, given appropriate information 2:25 (Triple only) explain the uses of aluminium, copper, iron and steel in terms of their properties the types of steel will be limited to low-carbon (mild), high

IGCSE Chemistry: Manufacturing chemicals Flashcards | …

Process in which sulfur and sulfide ores are turned to sulfur dioxide then to sulfur trioxide then to oleum and then to sulfuric acid Step 1: Making sulfur dioxide from burning sulfur or sulfide ores S(s) + O₂ → SO₂(g) 4FeS² (s)+ 11O₂ → 2Fe₂O₃(s) + 8SO₂(g) Step 2

gcse 1. Introduction to the Extraction of Metals method …

Low grade ores are usually uneconomic to mine and process, but high grade ores have a high enough metal content to be worth mining and extracting the metal. The metal ore, a mineral or mixture of minerals from which economically viable amounts of metal can be extracted , i.e. its got to have enough of the metal, or one of its compounds, in it to be worth digging out!

1 Two of the main uses of zinc are for galvanising and for making …

1 Two of the main uses of zinc are for galvanising and for making alloys. One of the main ores of zinc is zinc blende, ZnS. There are two stages in the extraction of zinc from this ore. (a) Stage 1 Zinc oxide is made from zinc blende.Describe how this is done and

IGCSE Development Studies; industrial development

Textiles, steel making, shipbuilding are examples. Low wages, access to raw materials, proximity to new large markets and reduced costs of shipping have all led to these changes. Developed economies have replaced the manufacturing sector with a service based economy and high-tech manufacturing.

Basic Oxygen Furnace Steelmaking - Steel Technology

About 67% of the global crude steel total output is through the Basic Oxygen Furnace Steelmaking process and is recognized as the dominant steelmaking technology. In U.S alone the usage figure is 54% and slowly declining due primarily to the advent of …

Caridge IGCSE Chemistry: Workbook by Caridge …

25/2/2013· 9780521181174 RICHARD HARWOOD AND IAN LODGE IGCSE CHEMISTRY WORKBOOK. COVER. C M Y K Caridge IGCSE Chemistry Workbook matches the requirements of the revised Caridge IGCSE Chemistry syllabus

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A It can be used as a bleach in making wood pulp. B It can be used to kill bacteria in food. C It can be used to manufacture sulfuric acid. D It can dissolve the limestone in statues. 33 Why does a farmer put lime (calcium oxide) on the soil? A to act as a


Start studying CIE IGCSE CHEMISTRY C12 SULPHUR. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This is how sulphuric acid is produced 1. S + O2 -> SO2 2. 2SO2 + O2 -> SO3 3. Add sulphuric acid to form oleum (H2S2O7)

Preview Caridge IGCSE Coined and Coordinated …

Caridge IGCSE Coined and Co-ordinated Sciences powdered clay questions powdered limestone C9.20 What is brine? C9.21 Why is the electrolysis of brine such an important process? Kiln rotates to

CIE Chemistry IGCSE

can slide over each other easily, making them very malleable. The atoms in alloys are different sizes which distorts the layers meaning they are unable to slide over one another, increasing hardness. /p>

The Haber process - Fertilisers - AQA - GCSE Chemistry …

22/9/2014· The Haber process Making ammonia Ammonia is an important industrial product used to make fertilisers, explosives and dyes. It is manufactured using the Haber process…

Coolgeography - GCSE - UK Industry Environment

2. Steel making came under increasing competition from cheaper overseas producers. The Massive Redcar works was shut (again) in 2015 after the Thai owners SSI, pulled out blaming higher energy costs and unfair competition from producers in other countries.

Preview Caridge IGCSE Coined and Coordinated …

1/9/2016· Figure C9.03 The different stages of the steel-making process (the basic oxygen process). a The furnace is charged with scrap steel and molten iron. b …